TCXO Oscillators

TCXO’s (Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillators) are used in designs that need better temperature stability than what can be offered by XO’s or VCXO oscillators. TCXO Oscillators can achieve stability of less than 1ppm as opposed to a typical crystal of 30ppm.

A wide range of temperature stabilities options are available in TCXO’s, from 5ppm to 50ppb. TCXO oscillators vary in size from the smallest 2.0 x 1.6mm to larger sizes and even TH devices used in military applications.

The key factor to consider when selecting a TCXO is the temperature range over which it operates. -20°C to 70°C is common with -40°C to 85°C a premium especially at tight tolerances.


How do TCXO’s work?


TCXO Oscillators use a compensation network that senses the change in frequency over temperature and creates a near inverse curve. This is used to pull the TCXO back to the nominal frequency. The remaining error we see is the stated stability, e.g. 1ppm over -20°C to 70°C meaning the error from nominal should be no larger over that temperature range.

One of the first types of TCXO compensation was &147direct compensation&148; these devices used a network of components to alter the capacitive load on the crystal to shift the frequency as it naturally changed with temperature. The other type is called the "indirect method", in early models this saw the use of thermistors again that created a temperature dependent voltage. This was used to drive a varactor who’s changing capacitance changed the crystal frequency

Today we see the use of an IC to change the voltage to the varactor, and testing in small temperature steps to confirm the correction (due to differences in the crystal curve). These types are referred to as analog TCXO’s.which are recommended for GPS/GNSS clocking applications; due to small shifts of frequency per °C change they help keep the GPS loop locked as temperature changes.

Digitally controlled TCXOs are also available and these tend to fall into the smaller packages and more cost-effective solutions. These oscillators use internal ADC’s (analog to digital converters) monitoring the temperature but follow the temperature change in digital steps related to the ADC value.
These types are unsuitable for GNSS solutions due to the frequency jumps over temperature.


VCTCXO - Voltage Controlled Temperature Compensated Oscillator


VCTCXO Oscillators have the same features as the TCXO with the added functionality of a voltage controlled function to allow precision tuning of the output frequency. The VCTCXO differentiate themselves by having a VC pad (voltage control) in the oscillator. This input requires an analog voltage that works to control the varactor inside and is normally part of an external PLL that controls the VCTCXO frequency.


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Omschrijving Prijs Output Frequency Frequency Stability Load Capacitance Package Type Output Level Minimum Operating Temperature Maximum Operating Temperature Height Dimensions Oscillator Type
RS-stocknr. 103-9919
FabrikantnummerDS32KHZSN#
FabrikantMaxim Integrated
€ 5,713
Each (In a Tube of 46)
Aantal stuks
32.768 kHz ±7.5ppm - SOIC CMOS -40 °C +85 °C 2.35mm 10.5 x 7.6 x 2.35mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 732-7591
FabrikantnummerDS32KHZSN#
FabrikantMaxim Integrated
€ 6,29
Each
Aantal stuks
32.768 kHz ±7.5ppm - SOIC CMOS -40 °C +85 °C 2.35mm 10.5 x 7.6 x 2.35mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 672-0797
FabrikantnummerVM53S3-25.000-2.5/-30+75
FabrikantMERCURY
€ 10,84
Each
Aantal stuks
25 MHz ±2.5ppm 10pF SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +75 °C 1.5mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.5mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 709-9240
FabrikantnummerTCETBDSANF-10.0MHz
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 4,91
Each
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±1ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +85 °C 2mm 7 x 5 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 173-5939
FabrikantnummerFOX801BELF-100
FabrikantFox Electronics
€ 15,674
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±2.5ppm - - Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +75 °C 2mm 11.4 x 9.6 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 709-9420
FabrikantnummerR0053-T-054-3
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 1,72
Each
Aantal stuks
26 MHz ±0.5ppm 10pF SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +85 °C 1mm 3.2 x 2.5 x 1mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 547-5623
FabrikantnummerFOX801BELF-100
FabrikantFox Electronics
€ 16,24
Each
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±2.5ppm - - Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +75 °C 2mm 11.4 x 9.6 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 148-5663
FabrikantnummerLFPTXO000295
FabrikantIQD
€ 49,70
Each
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±1ppm - SMD HCMOS -40 °C +85 °C 1.8mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.8mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 146-4005
FabrikantnummerLFPTXO000295
FabrikantIQD
€ 41,366
Each (In a Bag of 10)
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±1ppm - SMD HCMOS -40 °C +85 °C 1.8mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.8mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 146-3963
FabrikantnummerLFTVXO009907
FabrikantIQD
€ 9,687
Each (In a Bag of 100)
Aantal stuks
20 MHz ±0.9ppm 15pF SMD HCMOS -20 °C +70 °C 2mm 7 x 5 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 709-9331
FabrikantnummerR0053-T-027-3
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 25,87
Each
Aantal stuks
25 MHz ±4.6ppm - SMD CMOS -40 °C +85 °C 2mm 7 x 5 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 709-9259
FabrikantnummerTCETCLSANF-10.0MHz
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 5,23
Each
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±2ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -40 °C +85 °C 2mm 7 x 5 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 672-0769
FabrikantnummerVM53S3-10.000-2.5/-30+75
FabrikantMERCURY
€ 9,30
Each
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±2.5ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +75 °C 1.5mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.5mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 122-4339
FabrikantnummerR0053-T-040-3
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 1,938
Each (On a Reel of 1000)
Aantal stuks
20 MHz ±0.5ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +85 °C 1.2mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 894-9679
FabrikantnummerLFTCXO063777Bulk
FabrikantIQD
€ 46,18
Each
Aantal stuks
10 → 50 MHz ±0.14ppm - SMD HCMOS -40 °C +85 °C 2mm 5 x 3.2 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 144-2362
FabrikantRS PRO
€ 3,845
Each (In a Pack of 2)
Aantal stuks
10 MHz ±1.5ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -40 °C +85 °C 0.85mm 2 x 1.6 x 0.85mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 709-9379
FabrikantnummerR0053-T-040-3
FabrikantTAITIEN
€ 2,29
Each
Aantal stuks
20 MHz ±0.5ppm - SMD Clipped Sinewave -30 °C +85 °C 1.2mm 5 x 3.2 x 1.2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 178-2699
FabrikantnummerTT32M327K50ITR
FabrikantCTS
€ 6,35
Each (In a Pack of 2)
Aantal stuks
32.76 kHz ±5ppm - SMD HCMOS -40 °C +85 °C 1.4mm 3.28 x 2.5 x 1.4mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 146-4002
FabrikantnummerLFTVXO009915
FabrikantIQD
€ 13,319
Each (In a Bag of 100)
Aantal stuks
16.384 MHz ±0.5ppm 15pF SMD HCMOS -40 °C +85 °C 2mm 7 x 5 x 2mm TCXO
RS-stocknr. 144-2358
FabrikantRS PRO
€ 3,845
Each (In a Pack of 2)
Aantal stuks
26 MHz - - SMD CMOS -20 °C +70 °C 0.95mm 2.5 x 2 x 0.95mm TCXO
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